“This should not be regarded as a form of communication: any state of affairs provides direct evidence for a variety of assumptions without necessarily communicating those assumptions in any interesting sense.”

Dan Sperber and Deirdre Wilson, Relevance 2nd ed.

“Such a hypothesis is very difficult, and I can see objections to it which at the moment I do not know how to answer.”

Bertrand Russell, Introduction, Tractatus Logico-Philosphicus by Wittgenstein

“Rather than ask simply what meanings are like, we divide the question into two parts: What is the information the language conveys? What is the information about?”

Ray Jackendoff, Semantics and Cognition